Karina Smigla-Bobinski
New works

Artist in Residence Exhibition

Art intervention about Ethics of Copying and Genetic and Social Causes of Life Chances

ZiF Center for Interdisciplinary Research
Bielefeld University's Institute for Advanced Study

Opening > 19 May 2016, 19:30
Welcoming words by the ZiF > Dr. Britta Padberg
Introduction to the exhibition > Eberhard Ortland, University of Bielefeld

Exhibition > 20. May - 27. Juli 2016

An art intervention is an impact in existing relationships and is a way of direct interacting with people and environment. It is an important part of artistic expression to operates outside the traditional gallery system.

Although Karina Smigla-Bobinski, in her art has long dealt with issues that are also in focus of Sciences, this time she deliberately avoided the direct connectivity and coexistence between them. Through her intervention at ZiF she relates a classical artistic position to be seen by scientists as a discourse partner and not to be misused as science pick up point or a mediator. This allows scientists and visitors a new perspective on the themes of the two ZiF Research Groups, currently employing the Ethics of Copying and also Genetic and Social Causes of Life Chances.

Karina's intervention responds first to the ZiF building itself, in order to interfere with normal activities and perception, which in turn leads to an new awareness of the place as such. The pillars of the lobby have been duplicated by "copy & paste" method. So the columns became an important, structural part not only for the architecture but also of the art intervention and definied ZiF as art space, where the other artworks can spread out. 
Here she uses modifications of the legendary "Reclining Venus" from 1508, by Giorgione, which was copied and reinterpreted i.a. by Cranach, Titian, Ingres, Manet, Pedro Almodovar or computer games creators. The relevant parts of these artworks are converted to free-standing scenery, baroque holes-light-panels with bohemian glass beads, plaster molds or surrealistic fantastic morph images generated with Google Images Software "Deep Dream".

Karina Smigla-Bobinski also has invited other artists to contribute their art works on the subject. They are placed in the ground floor of the ZiF. These artist are:

Tim Bennettwww.tim-bennett.com
Patricia Lambertuswww.patricialambertus.de
Stefan Lenhartwww.stefanlenhart.com
Sybille Rathwww.sybille-rath.com
Valio Tschenkovwww.galerieroyal.de/category/tchenkov
Anna Vasofwww.vimeo.com/98723807

ZiF Artists in Residence

Accordingly to its interdisciplinary orientation, the ZiF also promotes the dialog between art and science.

ZiF do not rely on direct compatibility and peaceful co-existence between art and sciences, we rather expect individualism, resistance and dissent. In this sense, art exhibitions and performances are a substantial part of our work which is essentially curated by the artists, curators and scholars of our Art Committee.

At the suggestion of the Art Committee, the ZiF occasionally invites artists to stay at the ZiF for a period of three months. These Artists in Residence generally cooperate with the ZiF Research Group and may initiate their own discourses.

The ZiF

"[...] systematic and regular discussion, colloquia, critique, and agreement in a group of scientists interested in the same topics, although perhaps from different perspectives, are of the greatest benefit for a scholar and his work". (
Helmut Schelsky, 1964)

The ZiF - Bielefeld University's Institute for Advanced Study - supports and funds outstanding and innovative interdisciplinary research projects. Founded in 1968 as Germany's first institution of its kind, the ZiF became a model for numerous Institutes for Advanced Study throughout Europe.

Open to any research topic, the ZiF welcomes scholars from all academic disciplines and countries. It offers the opportunity to realize interdisciplinary academic projects with international colleagues by means of providing residential fellowships, grants, and conference services.

Founding father of the ZiF, Helmut Schelsky, believed that interdisciplinary exchange is a central drive for scientific progress. The ZiF looks back to more than 40 years of experience in interdisciplinary research supporting this view. The history of the ZiF shows that interdisciplinary exchange opens up new approaches to a shared subject and can even initiate new fields of research. Therefore the ZiF does not invite individual researchers but entire research groups to work on interdisciplinary projects. It perceives interdisciplinarity as a process which has to be developed and realized by each research group anew. The ZiF hereby seeks to meet the growing differentiation within the disciplines as well as the 'great interdisciplinarity,' the encounter between science and humanities. The ZiF's mission is to encourage, mediate and host high level interdisciplinary exchange.

ZiF Research Groups 2015/2016

The Ethics of Copying

Copying has always been a widespread human practice. It is crucial in many ways for the cultural development of any society as well as for economic success, and it supports democratization processes by providing access to important cultural goods and information.

But it is often controversial, in which cases and to what degree it might or might not be legitimate to copy an artefact or certain aspects of somebody's physical appearance, or imitate patterns of someone's behaviour, and who should be entitled to raise normative claims that restrict other people's copying activities. Beliefs about the legitimacy and moral permissibility of various types of copying processes, individual acts of copying and ways of handling copies differ profoundly across different cultures, and they are subject to historical changes - due to technological developments as well as religious, political and economic factors.

In modern societies, the most important medium for normatively restricting copying processes is the law - not only copyright law, but also patent and trademark law and laws regulating unfair competition, among others. However, there seems to be a growing discrepancy between the existing legal situation and common morality. Major parts of the existing intellectual property law are not regarded as normatively appropriate by a growing number of people. This discrepancy tends to become even greater given the current shift from owning and copying physical things to merely having access to electronic data.

So far, there is no ethics of copying that could present a just balance of interests for those affected by copying practices. The overarching aim of this research group, a collaboration between legal scholars, philosophers and scholars from art history, art sciences, book studies, comparative literature, German literature, media studies, popular music and sociology, is to develop proposals concerning such a balance which might influence future legislation and facilitate the formation of inter-subjective moral standards for distinguishing between legitimate and illegitimate forms of copying.

In order to develop the foundations of an ethics of copying, the group will work on questions like: What kinds of copies should be allowed to be produced by whom and for which purposes? Which forms of copying activities should be restricted from a moral point of view? And how can different interests with regard to property rights and copying permissions be weighed against each other?

Reinold Schmücker (Münster, GER), Thomas Dreier (Karlsruhe, GER), Pavel Zahradka (Olomouc, CZE)

Amrei Bahr (Münster, GER)
Lionel Bently (Cambridge, GBR)
Massimiliano Carrara (Padua, ITA)
Charles M. Ess (Oslo, NOR)
Annette Gilbert (Berlin, GER)
Johannes Grave (Bielefeld, GER)
Darren H. Hick (Lubbock, USA)
Wybo Houkes (Eindhoven, NED)
Alexander Peukert (Frankfurt am Main, GER)
Antonia Putzger (Berlin, GER)
Maria E. Reicher-Marek (Aachen, GER)
Aram Sinnreich (New Brunswick, USA)

Associate Members
Eric Achermann (Münster, GER)
Hans Nieswandt (Bochum, GER)
Grischka Petri (Bonn, GER)

Genetic and Social Causes of Life Chances

How do genetic and environmental factors influence the societal position and social mobility of individuals? Which mediating processes are relevant for the realization of such life chances? What are advantages and disadvantages of modern research strategies such as the examination of single alleles, genome-wide association studies or extended twin family designs? Can the advantages of these designs be combined? How could historical or cross-cultural comparisons contribute to our understanding of the interplay between nature and nurture? Do we have to reconsider our notion of social justice in the face of genetic influences on life chances? These and other questions can obviously only be answered by an interdisciplinary team and will be the focus of our research group.

Recent research strongly suggests that the genetic influences on social inequality, social mobility, and social integration are as substantial as those on personality and ability traits. The "blank slate" metaphor still guiding standard social scientific research in large parts should therefore be abandoned in favor of integrating genetic origin into the explanation of life chances. Omitting the genetic part of intergenerational transmission neglects an integral part of the explanation of life chances because genetic differences between individuals do not only add to environmental influences but also co-vary and interact with such social (environmental) influences in manifold ways. Consequently, the consideration of genetic influences by no means negates social influences on advantage or disadvantage.

Our research group brings together internationally leading experts from various disciplines (psychology, sociology, biology, genetics, medicine, economics, philosophy, and political sciences). Together, we study theoretical models and methodological approaches that can help understand influences and interactions of nature- and nurture-factors. A second focus of our group will be the psychological, biological, and societal processes mediating between genes and life chances. Finally, our group is concerned with ethical-normative and socio-political implications of research results in the area of genetic influences and their connection with societal conditions.

Martin Diewald (Bielefeld, GER), Rainer Riemann (Bielefeld, GER)

Rüdiger Bittner (University Bielefeld, GER)
Wiebke Bleidorn (University of California, Davis, USA)
Denis Bratko (University of Zagreb, HRV)
Chuansheng Chen (University of California, Irvine, USA)
Chris Dawes (New York University, USA)
Jeremy Freese (Northwestern University, USA)
Henry Harpending (University of Utah, USA)
Jutta Heckhausen (University of California, Irvine, USA)
Wendy Johnson (University of Edinburgh, GBR)
Markus Jokela (University of Helsinki, FIN)
Christian Kandler (University Bielefeld, GER)
Lars Penke (Georg-August-University Göttingen, GER)
Reinhard Schunck (University Bielefeld, GER)
Frank Spinath (University des Saarlandes, GER)
Moshe Szyf (McGill University, CAN)
Eric Turkheimer (University of Virginia, USA)
Joachim Wündisch (University Düsseldorf, GER)

Associate Members
Meike Bartels (Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, NED)
Anders BjoÅNrklund (Stockholm University, SWE)
Avshalom Caspi (Duke University, USA)
Dalton Conley (New York University, USA)
Thomas DiPrete (Columbia University, USA)
Guang Guo (University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, USA)
Robert Krueger (University of Minnesota, USA)
Robert Moyzis (University of California, Irvine, USA)
Roland Weierstall (University Konstanz, GER)

Zentrum für interd isziplinäre Forschung
Center for Interdisciplinary Research
Bielefeld University
Methoden 1
33615 Bielefeld
20. May - 27. Juli 2016
Monday - Thursday 9am to 3pm
Friday 9 am to 2pm

Tel. 0521 106-2793

Kindly supported by

further information - www.smigla-bobinski.com or